The agreement is the second to enter into force since the 3.8% tax on unearned income, known as the Net Investment Tax (NIIT), came into force. However, NIIT is not part of FICA3 and is not covered by the social security totalization agreements in force on the date it came into force. This agreement may be amended in the future by complementary agreements which, as soon as they come into force, will be considered an integral part of this agreement. These agreements can take effect retroactively if they provide for them, provided they are beneficial to the individuals involved. Hungary has agreements on the basis of the proportional distribution of burdens with Yugoslavia, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria. On the basis of these agreements, the eligibility acquired in the different countries is added up and the theoretical amount of the pension is based on the total duration of the employment acquired in both countries, the parties paying only the share which is proportional to the overall eligibility of the country concerned under the current legislation. Foreign law firms and audit firms must sign a cooperation agreement with a Hungarian company to provide legal or audit services in Hungary. Because of the reference to Medicare in the internal income code niit, some commentators had assumed that future agreements could include this tax. However, the language of the agreement with Hungary reflects the language of other such agreements and does not include NIIT. As a result, workers who are not subject to FICA under a totalization agreement may still be subject to NIIT.
Hungary maintains an open economy and its quality infrastructure and central location make it an attractive destination for investment. Attracting direct investment is an important priority for the GOH, particularly in the manufacturing sector and in export-oriented sectors. In 2006, Hungary joined the EU`s initiative to create a Single European Network of Contact Points, in which existing companies and potential investors provided information on the business and legal environment as well as a link with the Hungarian Investment Promotion Agency. Over the past two years, the government has strengthened investor relations and, in conjunction with the signing of strategic agreements with key investors, has created a National Competitiveness Council to discuss competitiveness challenges, formulate competitiveness measures and build constructive relationships with stakeholders. Under Hungary`s EU accession agreement, Hungary must finally adopt the euro as soon as it meets the relevant criteria, but the European Union has not set a specific target date, although Hungary meets most of the required tax and financial criteria. According to the Ministry of Economy, Hungary`s economic performance should be more in line with the euro area average before the euro adjusts. The Hungarian Business Council (USHBC) – a private non-profit organization established in 2016 – aims to facilitate and maintain dialogue between U.S. leaders and leaders on U.S.-Hungary trade relations.