Object lists are simply lists of chords that contain the same words or phrases in them. Thus, there are a variety of IEAs that protect birds in different ways, but they are elements of very different legal lines that have been signed by different countries from different regions and have no legal ties to each other. What is international? Although „international“ may have a broader meaning, the term, when referred to in the IEAs, is generally intergovernmental. I have implemented this definition to include all agreements to which governments of two or more states are (or may) be contracting parties, while excluding instruments between governments and NGOs, between governments and international organizations, as well as between businesses, NGOs or international organizations. If a contract does not contain provisions for other agreements or measures, only the text of the treaty is legally binding. In general, an amendment to the Treaty only commits the States that have ratified it and the agreements reached at review conferences, summits or meetings of the States Parties are not legally binding. The Charter of the United Nations is an example of a treaty that contains provisions for other binding agreements. By signing and ratifying the Charter, countries have agreed to be legally bound by resolutions adopted by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council. Therefore, UN resolutions are legally binding on UN member states and no signature or ratification is required. Haas PM, Sundgren J. 1993. Development of international environmental law: changes in national sovereignty practices.
In Global agreement: Environmental challenges and international responses, ed. N Choucri, 401-29. Cambridge: MIT Press According to international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and „consultation and approval“ of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but they are nevertheless legally binding on the United States.