2.80 In this opinion, the AgS stresses that „international agreements themselves recognize economic and social factors and their relevance in decision-making.“ In addition, the AgS notes that the Water Act specifies that, in effect of these agreements, the plan must „optimize economic, social and environmental outcomes.“  The AgS recalls that neither the Convention on Biological Diversity nor the Ramsar Convention obliges States Parties to „not respect economic and social considerations in the performance of environmental obligations“. Instead: (1) In accordance with the agreement between New South Wales and Victoria, any amount of water allocated to one of these states and stored in one of Murray`s superior warehouses or in transit in a particular part of the Murray River may be exchanged for an amount of water allocated to the other state and to another deposit of the Upper Murray River or in transit to another part of the Upper Murray River. such an exchange of water does not affect the merits of South Australia. 4. The heritage agreement may be reviewed and amended by mutual agreement between the parties. (a) the impact of relevant international agreements (to the extent that these agreements are important for the exploitation and management of the basin`s water resources); and the law expressly provides that, when implementing these agreements, the plan should encourage the use and management of the basin`s water resources in a way that maximizes economic, social and environmental outcomes. (a) to allocate salinity credits and salinity liabilities in accordance with an agreement approved by the Committee in accordance with paragraph 23, paragraph 3; and (2) RMO`s assets are jointly controlled by the Commonwealth Government and the governments of South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria („asset managers` governments“) within the meaning of this agreement, in the manner described in the Asset Agreement. 2. The share of costs associated with joint work or actions or S-D work or actions attributable to a contracting government pursuant to paragraph 48, paragraph 1, may be affected by an agreement under Clause 23. (d) before the timetable for Clause 135 is entered and before the basin plan is first entered into force, any agreement between the premiers of the contracting governments. Since 1914, there have been various intergovernmental agreements on Murray-Darling`s water resources.  Prior to the formation of the Murray-Darling Basin Authority, institutional provisions for water resource management were in the basin of the five state and territory governments, with little coordination.
In response to this problem, the Murray-Darling Basin Commission was established in January 1988 as part of the Murray-Darling Basin Agreement with a charter for effective management and equitable distribution of Murray River water resources. Second, it should protect and improve the water quality of the Murray River and its tributaries; and, finally, to advise the Murray-Darling Council of Ministers on water, land and environmental management issues in the basin.  The controversial history of water allocation in the basin and the conflict between irrigation and environmental advocates dates back to the 1960s and is documented in the book Cottoning On: Stories of Australian Cottongrowing by Siobhan McHugh (Hale and Iremonger 1996), which was nominated in 1997 for the NSW`s History Prize.  The Water Amendment Act 2008 was introduced in December 2008 to amend the Water Act 2007.  This Act transferred the authority of the Murray-Darling Basin Commission to the Murray-Darling Base Authority and created an independent, expert-based body to manage the basin for the first time holistically.  „service agreement,“ the level of service agreement covered by Term 35A.